Many actor-managers between 1880 and 1930 adopted the repertory structure, hiring a corps of actors to appear in a season of plays. Typically, actors were cast according to lines of business, playing the same size and type of role in each play presented. Performing in repertory not only challenges an actor's abilities at line memorization, but it stretches an actor as insights are transferred from one role to another. The system was economically feasible in the days of large companies and before strict union regulation. The repertory model was revived during the 1960s, the first decade of newly booming regional resident companies around the United States, but the labor costs of scenery changeovers quickly took a toll. By the 1980s, only two major regional theatres were still presenting plays in rotating repertory: the Guthrie Theater and Missouri Repertory Theatre.

The Historical Dictionary of the American Theater. .

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  • repertory — (n.) 1550s, index, list, catalogue, from L.L. repertorium inventory, list, from L. repertus, pp. of reperire to find, get, invent, from re , intensive prefix, + parire, archaic form of paerere produce, bring forth, from PIE root *per attempt (see …   Etymology dictionary

  • repertory — [rep′ər tôr΄ē, rep′ətôr΄ē] n. pl. repertories [LL repertorium, an inventory < L repertus, pp. of reperire, to find out, discover < re , again + parere, to produce, invent, bear: see PAROUS] 1. a) a repository for useful things; storehouse… …   English World dictionary

  • Repertory — Rep er*to*ry (r?p ?r t? r?), n. [L. repertorium, fr. reperire to find again; pref. re re + parire, parere, to bring forth, procure: cf. F. r[ e]pertoire. Cf. {Parent}.] [1913 Webster] 1. A place in which things are disposed in an orderly manner,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • repertory — index cache (storage place), depository, treasury Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • repertory — [n] collection bit, cache, depot, list, range, rep*, repertoire, repository, routine, schtick*, stock, stockroom, store, storehouse, stunt*, supply; concepts 263,432,712 …   New thesaurus

  • repertory — ► NOUN (pl. repertories) 1) the performance by a company of the plays, operas, or ballets in its repertoire at regular short intervals. 2) another term for REPERTOIRE(Cf. ↑repertoire). 3) a repository or collection. ORIGIN originally denoting an… …   English terms dictionary

  • Repertory — For other meanings of repertory, please see repertory (disambiguation). Repertory or rep, called stock in the U.S., is a term used in Western theatre and opera. A repertory theatre can be a theatre in which a resident company presents works from… …   Wikipedia

  • repertory — [[t]re̱pə(r)tri, AM tɔːri[/t]] 1) N UNCOUNT: usu N n A repertory company is a group of actors and actresses who perform a small number of plays for just a few weeks at a time. They work in a repertory theatre. ...a well known repertory company in …   English dictionary

  • repertory — n. in repertory (to play in repertory) * * * [ repət(ə)rɪ] in repertory (to play in repertory) …   Combinatory dictionary

  • repertory — repertoire, repertory These are essentially the same word, being the French and English equivalents of Latin repertorium meaning ‘an inventory or catalogue’. A repertoire is a stock of dramatic or musical pieces which a player or company… …   Modern English usage

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